The goal of this document is to clarify how different policy approaches are grounded theoretically and how they might produce different effects in efforts to reduce health inequalities. This document is intended to support the work of public health actors by:
- Supporting their understanding of health inequalities and the factors that contribute to them;
- llustrating the differences between the social determinants of health and the social determinants of health inequalities;
- Showing how different approaches to reducing health inequalities are founded on specific understandings of inequality and that this affects the type of interventions that are possible as well as their likely effects;
- Helping to draw out what kinds of impact they might hope to achieve through the different approaches to reducing health inequalities.