Public policy can act as a lever for action that affects population health. Therefore, public health actors are called upon to produce knowledge syntheses in order to inform decision makers during the promotion, adoption and implementation of public policies. But studying these policies raises specific challenges.
Drawing inspiration from political science, literature on evidence-informed decision making in public health, literature on evaluation and on deliberative processes, the NCCHPP has developed a knowledge synthesis method that is applicable to public policies.
Using this method, one can document the effects and equity of the policies under study, as well as implementation issues of concern to decision makers (costs, feasibility, acceptability), based on the construction of logic models, on the scientific and grey literatures, and on deliberative processes organized to gather contextual information.